Causes of Periodontal Disease - My Bloomingdale Dentist, Led by Dr. Henry Kim DMD

Causes of Periodontal Disease - My Bloomingdale Dentist, Led by Dr. Henry Kim DMD

Causes of Periodontal Disease - My Bloomingdale Dentist, Led by Dr. Henry Kim DMD

At My Bloomingdale Dentist, we understand the importance of educating our patients about periodontal (gum) disease. Dr. Henry Kim DMD and our dedicated team are committed to providing you with the information you need to maintain excellent oral health. Periodontal disease, also known as periodontal disease and periodontitis, is a progressive condition that, if left untreated, can lead to tooth loss.

Understanding Periodontal Disease

This dental issue begins with the inflammation and irritation of the gingival tissues that surround and support your teeth. The primary cause of this inflammation is the toxins present in plaque, which create an ongoing bacterial infection.

Over time, this bacterial infection colonizes the gingival tissue, leading to the formation of deep pockets between the teeth and the gums. When promptly treated by a periodontist, mild inflammation (known as gingivitis) is completely reversible. However, if the bacterial infection is allowed to progress, it can result in the destruction of the gums and the underlying jawbone, ultimately leading to tooth loss. In severe cases, the bacteria from this infection can even spread to other parts of the body through the bloodstream.

Common Causes of Gum Disease

Numerous factors, including genetics and environmental influences, contribute to the onset of gum disease. Fortunately, many of these risks can be significantly reduced by taking preventative measures.

Here are some of the most common causes of gum disease:

  1. Poor Dental Hygiene: Maintaining good oral hygiene at home with regular brushing and flossing, combined with balanced nutrition, is the first line of defense against dental disease. Regular dental check-ups, including exams, cleanings, and x-rays, play a crucial role in preventing gum disease.
  2. Tobacco Use: Smoking and tobacco use are significant risk factors for gum disease. Smokers not only experience slower healing but are also more likely to develop tartar buildup, deep pockets in the gums, and substantial bone loss.
  3. Genetic Predisposition: Approximately 30% of the population may have a strong genetic predisposition to gum disease. Genetic tests can determine susceptibility, allowing for early intervention to maintain oral health.
  4. Pregnancy and Menopause: Hormonal changes during pregnancy and menopause can make gum tissue more sensitive, increasing susceptibility to gum disease. Proper brushing and flossing are crucial during these times.
  5. Chronic Stress and Poor Diet: Stress weakens the immune system, making it harder to fight off bacterial infections. A poor diet or malnutrition can also compromise the body's ability to combat periodontal infections and negatively affect gum health.
  6. Diabetes and Underlying Medical Issues: Medical conditions like respiratory disease, heart disease, arthritis, and osteoporosis can exacerbate gum disease. Diabetes, in particular, hinders the body's ability to control gum infections.
  7. Teeth Grinding: Clenching or grinding teeth can damage the supporting tissue around them, accelerating gum disease progression, especially when combined with misaligned teeth.
  8. Medication: Certain medications, such as oral contraceptives, heart medicines, anti-depressants, and steroids, can affect teeth and gums, making them more susceptible to gum disease.

Treatment of Gum Disease

At My Bloomingdale Dentist, Dr. Henry Kim DMD specializes in the treatment of gum disease and dental implants. Our services include effective cleaning procedures like scaling and root planing, along with prescribed antibiotic and antifungal medications to halt disease progression.

For tooth loss, we offer tissue grafts to promote natural tissue regeneration and dental implant placement when needed. If gum recession affects your smile, we can recontour the gingival tissue to create an even and aesthetically pleasing appearance.

Preventing Periodontal Disease

Preventing gum disease is essential to preserving your natural teeth. Discuss the causes of gum disease with our team and learn how to prevent its onset, progression, and recurrence.

If you have any questions or concerns about gum disease and its treatments, please don't hesitate to contact My Bloomingdale Dentist at (224) 520-8665. We are here to help you maintain a healthy smile and overall oral well-being.

Visit our website at for more information about our services and location.

Location Information

60108 - Dentist in Bloomingdale 

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